Victims and Victimology, 2012/13: Week 7: Radical victimology

This volume presents chapters on the effects of victim impact statements, radical victimology, the history of victim assistance in the United States, victim-offender mediation, and restorative justice.

SCLY4 Crime and Deviance: Positivist and Radical Victimology

Radical Victimology can be traced back to the work of Benjamin Mendelsohn

Conservatism as Radical Victimology | The Lure

Chapters 5 to 7 deal with other explanations of crime, exclusively relying on British literature. Chapter 5 addresses how gender issues have been hidden or even neglected within mainstream (or ) criminology, thereby limiting our understanding of female offending. Four strands of feminist thought (namely, liberal feminism, radical feminism, socialist feminism and post-modern feminism) are described, and their impacts on criminology are illustrated with examples. However, omissions of other schools of thought such as Marxist feminism and Existential feminism should have been acknowledged. In line with feminist researchers, Sandra Walklate asserts that a gendered lens is useful in analyzing the differences in terms of the offending behaviour and experience of criminal justice system between males and females. Chapter 6 examines the interconnections between criminology, criminal justice, social justice and politics. It is indeed a stimulating chapter guiding readers to think how the changing conception of the welfare state and changing nature of family structures may facilitate an understanding of the criminalization process. Three major victimological thoughts, namely positivistic victimology, radical victimology and critical victimology are introduced in Chapter 7. These are followed by an analysis of how they inform current victim policy and practice, such as the re-orientation of the probation service in supporting victims and the development of restorative justice programmes in dealing with young offenders.

Concept of Critical and Radical in Victimology

Victimology, Victimization, n.d.). Even though positivist and radical victimology has its differences, both of them have appropriated the label critical victimology...

Key Phrase page for radical victimology: Books containing the phrase radical victimology
traditional and emergent approaches of critical and radical victimology;

Victimology: The Three Ideological Tendencies of Victimology

This kind of victimology can be distinguished from what McLeer calls 'radical victimology', where the category 'victim', still understood in the sense outlined above, is broadened to encompass victims of institutional and systemic oppression, and where the term 'criminal' is traded for the term 'oppressor' or the less individualised 'dominative power'. Here, the 'victim-criminal relationship' is grafted onto relations of domination more generally. As I will indicate later in the paper, it is this kind of victimology, in its feminist guise, with which critics of 'victim feminism' take issue. The critique of 'victim feminism' might be seen as the feminist branch of a much wider contemporary critique of 'victim culture' or, as Robert Hughes put it, the 'culture of complaint'. The broadening of the category 'victim' as a part of emancipatory projects has provoked counterarguments of the sort: 'will the real victim please stand up'. But one of the problems is that critics of 'victim culture' are still working with a narrow, classic definition of the word victim. They have not appreciated the extent to which this word means very different things to their opponents or, alternatively, that their opponents have made a calculated move beyond this word for well considered reasons. To put it simply, critics of victim culture use 'victim' to denote passivity, an utter lack of agency, and a deflection of responsibility. Their opponents have either redefined 'victim' to connote certain kinds of activity-as we have seen above-or they have elected to use an alternative term with which to facilitate these connotations. For feminist victim activists, that alternative term is 'survivor.'

Radical victimology: A critique of the concept of victim in traditional victimology.

Crime & Delinquency - University of Minnesota Duluth

In crossing from the realm of criminology and radical victimology to the realm of feminist victim activism, we find rather different versions of the word 'victim'. In general, the relationship between feminism and the word 'victim' is extremely complex. On the one hand, feminism serves to remind women of their capacities for positive action and agency (or, to put it another way, to construct women as the bearers of these capacities). On the other hand, feminism aims to examine, critique and oppositionally counter the variety of ways in which women are constituted as passive non-agents in relation to men. The moral purchase of 'victim' can be irresistible politically, but at the same time calling oneself, or all women, or some women, 'victims' in the classic sense of the term can cede agency, court misrepresentation, and reaffirm a chillingly familiar image of feminine weakness. This last objection-the reaffirmation of weakness-is particularly significant to feminist victim activist definitions of the word 'victim', and the well known predilection for an alternative word, 'survivor.' For some, 'victim' simply denotes the dead: sufferers of fatal abuse. In accord with this, a 'survivor' is one who literally survives abuse. For others, 'victim' refers to "those who blame themselves, carry shame, or continue to let others victimise them". Here, a victim is one whose momentary victimisation has become an abiding aspect of their self-identity and social being. A victim's 'allowance' of further victimisation is linked to having blamed herself for her original victimisation. Self-blame lends victim identity a self-perpetuating character and makes victimhood a kind of mire one must work to escape. I will concentrate on this second definition of victim, and on the version of 'survivor' with which it is generally paired.

Comparing and contrasting traditional and emergent approaches of critical and radical victimology;

Victims, victimization and victimology