NATIONAL RECONCILIATION ORDINANCE October 5, 2007

The Supreme Court in Islamabad is now due to rule on whether the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO), under which corruption and murder cases against more than 8,000 politicians, civil servants and other public figures were dropped, is unconstitutional.

National Reconciliation Ordinance News

(1) This Ordinance may be called the National Reconciliation Ordinance, 2007.

What is the meaning of National Reconciliation Ordinance?

The national reconciliation ordinance states that all court cases and investigations against persons who have held public office till October 1999 will be terminated.

NATIONAL RECONCILIATION ORDINANCE 2007(full Text)

Pakistan Government, through the President,recently issued an Ordinance, the national Reconciliation Ordinance whereby cases pending in courts against various politicians are proposed to be withdrawn and concernedbpoliticians granted amnesty.

Daily Jang and various news sources report the details of National Reconciliation Ordinance:
Having come into existence on October 5, 2007, the story of the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) is a bitter-sweet one – though for even an ardent supporter, if there are any, there is more bitter than sweet. In Pakistan, a growing confrontation between the Supreme Court and the government over sanction to prosecute President Zardari and other top leaders for corruption could lead to a serious political crisis and even the fall of the government. The controversy centres around a law called the National Reconciliation Ordinance or the NRO passed by ... After the court issued a notice to the federal government, acting attorney general Shah Khawar refused to support the ordinance. “That the federation believes in the supremacy of the Constitution of 1973 and the Parliament. That the National Reconciliation Ordinance was promulgated by the previous regime and I am under instructions not to defend it,” Khawar submitted the federal government’s stance in writing to the Supreme Court.There was uproar in Pakistan's political and media circles this week over the intended tabling of the controversial National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) in Parliament on Monday. The NRO is a legacy of former President Pervez Musharraf which intended to provide legal cover to the late Benazir Bhutto and husband Asif Zardari from corruption cases against them and allow Bhutto to return to Pakistan. Dawn, on November 2 did a recap: "NRO is bound to provoke fiery debates — mainly on grounds of morality — with the PPP-led coalition government seeking approval of an amended form of the decree that helped its creation and an opposition dominated by one-time followers of the two previous military rulers vowing to block it. The decree, which must come before the house in the form of a Bill, is one of 37 ordinances issued by Musharraf in the twilight of his power and which must receive parliamentary approval by November 28 or they will die under a Supreme Court ruling. In a ruling on July 31, the court nullified that emergency proclamation, but gave the government 120 days to decide the fate of the 37 ordinances after they lost protection given by the extra-constitutional move. An opposition outcry over the approval of a Bill to legitimise the NRO by the ruling coalition's majority indicated there will be no smooth sailing for the draft in the house."
“Challenging the 18th Amendment and the NRO (National Reconciliation Ordinance), or How to Stop the Cycle of Coup d’etats in Pakistan?”

Looking for the abbreviation of National Reconciliation Ordinance

17. Paragraph 137 to 139 merely elucidate the mandate of Article 227 which stipulates that the existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the injunctions of Islam and that this shall not affect the personal laws of non-Muslim citizens or their status as citizens; of Article 228 regarding the composition of Islamic Council of Ideology and the reference to be made by the President or the Governor of a Province if two-fifths of the total membership of the Parliament or a Provincial Assembly requires so for seeking advice from the said Council as to whether a proposed law is repugnant to injunctions of Islam or not and on Article 230 relating to the functions of the Council. In Paras 138 and 139, the Court merely observed that Article 25 of the Constitution providing for equal protection of law to all citizens is in countenance with Quranic injunctions and that the National Reconciliation Ordinance had not been promulgated in terms of Article 227(1) of the Constitution. The Court did not annul the NRO on the ground of its being un-Islamic as that would be violative of Article 203(g) of the Constitution, which stipulates that:-

Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf Friday promulgated the National Reconciliation Ordinance, the state-run PTV reported.

How is National Reconciliation Ordinance (Pakistan) abbreviated

ISLAMABAD: With the release of the first ever official list of those accused of robbing the masses blind, of killing and torturing adversaries, the ugly truth of abuse of power has a face. Eight thousand and forty one faces to be precise. On Saturday, Minister of State for Law, Afzal Sindhu released the official list of the 8041 beneficiaries of the shameless law called the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO).

Supreme Court has been on a mission to scrap the National Reconciliation Ordinance. PHOTO: MUHAMMAD JAVED/EXPRESS

National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) Details

2) Follow up and properly pursue the corruption and criminal cases against the privileged few that are beneficiaries of this infamous National Reconciliation Ordinance.