The advent of televisions and radios had what effect on music
What did the advent of television mean for Americans?
Until the mid-1950s the relationship between local radio stations and their national networks was similar to the current situation of television stations. The advent of television, however, changed radio radically, forcing it from its primary position in mass communications to a secondary role. Today most radio stations originate almost all of their own entertainment programming, much of which is prerecorded music.
The advent of television : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Abstract: Personal memories represent a crucial source in outlining a history of television audiences. However, they are undoubtedly special historical tools, and their interpretation requires particular cares and concerns. Relying on interviews with direct witnesses, the paper describes the advent of television in the private space of the home in the mid-fifties in Italy, comparing personal memories with the interpretative repertoires filtered down by the popular media system. The paper also tries to contribute to a wider ‘European historical mosaic’ by seeking to relate some aspects peculiar to the Italian scenario to a broader transnational pattern.
What did the advent of television mean for Americans? Two generations of research in the social and behavioral sciences make generalizations about TV's effects tricky, if not impossible. Non-academic observers, unburdened by research, simply assume that television was and remains all-powerful. It is best to treat assertions about the medium's effects with care.The Columbia Broadcasting System - CBS - is started
· CBS Inc., American broadcasting company, with headquarters inNew York City. Company operations are chiefly conducted throughthe CBS/Broadcast Group, which consists of eight divisions:television, radio, news, sports, entertainment, marketing,affiliates, and enterprises. The CBS Television Networkdistributes programming in news, entertainment, sports, andfeature films to more than 200 independently owned and 7CBS-owned television stations in the United States, as well as toforeign affiliates.
· The company was incorporated in 1927 as United IndependentBroadcasters, Incorporated. In 1928 the name was changed toColumbia Broadcasting System, Inc., and in 1974 it officiallybecame CBS Inc. American communications executive William Paleyinvested in Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. in 1928 when itwas a fledgling radio network. Under his guidance the networkexpanded from 22 to 114 stations in his first decade with thecompany.
· With the advent of television in the 1940s, Paley raided rivalNational Broadcasting Company (NBC) to attract such stars as JackBenny, George Burns, and Gracie Allen. CBS became the mostpopular television network and remained at the top of the ratingsthrough the late 1970s. During this period CBS stars such as EdSullivan, Lucille Ball, and news journalist Walter Cronkitebecame prominent personalities. In the early and mid-1980s, andagain in the mid-1990s, CBS returned to the top of the networkratings.
· CBS first diversified in 1938 with the acquisition of theAmerican Recording Corporation, which later became ColumbiaRecords. Later interests included the newspaper and magazinebusinesses, the film business, and music publishing. In the late1980s CBS consolidated into the core television and radiobusinesses, selling the music-publishing division in 1986, themagazine division in 1987, and the records division in 1988. Bythe early 1990s, profits had been reduced as a result ofcompetition from cable companies, video rentals, and the highcost of programming.